Πέμπτη, 23 Οκτωβρίου 2008

STEP 4. We are talking about...

What is MOBILITY?
Mobility is the state of being in motion.
Mobility as a term used in the logistics industry, referring to trucking, shipping, aviation, transport, vehicle rental, etc.

What is Sustainable MOBILITY?
Sustainable Mobility or transport is a concept developed in reaction to things that have gone visibly wrong with transportation policy, practice and performance through much the world over the last half of the 20eth century. Urban transport systems based around the car have proved unsustainable, consuming excessive energy, affecting the health of populations, and delivering a declining level of service despite increasing investments. Many of these negative impacts fall disproportionately on those social groups who are also least likely to own and drive cars.

The sustainable transport movement, part of the
environmental movement, has gradually gained in force over the last decade and a half, and has in the process started to shift the emphasis in public spending and actions away from building and supply, to management and demand. The values of respect for the environment and prudent use of natural resources are central, with varying degrees of urgency expressed by different actors and interests. That said, it is still very much a minority movement and most actual expenditures in the sector are determined by criteria other than sustainability.

What is clear is that sustainable transportation mainly refers to human behavior, not to technology. In that sense, a behavioral approach considers not only a set of non-polluting and human scaled
green transport choices, regardless of the means and technology used, but also a set of reinforcers both individual and social to promote these choices.

The term is also used to describe all forms of transport which minimize fuel consumption and emissions of carbon dioxide and
pollutants.

It can refer to public transport, car sharing, walking and cycling as well as technology such as electric and hybrid cars and biodiesel and Personal Rapid Transit and other green transport.
One early and often cited definition offered back in 1994 by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) defined sustainable transport as: "Transportation that does not endanger public health or ecosystems and meets mobility needs consistent with (a) use of renewable resources at below their rates of regeneration and (b) use of non-renewable resources at below the rates of development of renewable substitutes". This provided a conservative benchmark view of what sustainable transport is all about which is still often put forward in the public debate.

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